Exploring Destinations from Prague

Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is a city steeped in history and culture. While it offers a wealth of attractions within its borders, its central location in Europe also makes it an excellent base for exploring nearby destinations. Whether you are interested in day trips or longer excursions, there are numerous fascinating places to visit that offer a diverse range of experiences from historical sites to scenic hiking trails. This paper outlines some of the best options for both short and extended trips from Prague.

Day Trips from Prague

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  • 1. Kutná Hora Kutná Hora is renowned for its remarkable historical sites. The town is home to the Sedlec Ossuary, also known as the “Bone Church,” which is decorated with the bones of thousands of people. Another highlight is St. Barbara’s Church, a stunning Gothic cathedral. Kutná Hora is easily accessible by train and takes about an hour to reach from Prague.
  • 2. Karlovy Vary Famous for its hot springs and elegant spa architecture, Karlovy Vary is part of the “Bohemian Spa Triangle.” Visitors can enjoy relaxing spa treatments, stroll through the picturesque streets, and sample the local mineral waters. The town is approximately two hours away by train or bus.
  • 3. Pilsen Pilsen, or Plzeň, is best known for its world-famous Pilsner Urquell brewery. A tour of the brewery offers insights into the history and production of this iconic beer. In addition, Pilsen boasts a vibrant cultural scene and historical sites, making it a rewarding day trip destination. The journey from Prague takes about 1.5 hours by train.
  • 4. Český Krumlov This medieval town, located on the banks of the Vltava River, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Český Krumlov is famous for its well-preserved castle and charming old town. Visitors can explore the narrow cobblestone streets, visit the castle, and enjoy the scenic views. The town is about three hours away by bus or train.
  • 5. Terezín Memorial Terezín is the site of a former Nazi concentration camp, now preserved as a memorial. It offers a poignant reminder of the horrors of the Holocaust and serves as an important historical and educational site. Terezín can be reached in about an hour by train from Prague.
  • 6. Bohemian Switzerland National Park For nature enthusiasts, Bohemian Switzerland National Park offers breathtaking landscapes, including the iconic Pravčická Gate, the largest natural sandstone arch in Europe. The park is ideal for hiking and exploring unique rock formations. It is approximately two hours by train from Prague.

Longer Trips (2-3 Days) from Prague

  • 1. Bohemian Paradise (Český Ráj) Bohemian Paradise is a beautiful region known for its rock towns, castles, and scenic hiking trails. Notable sites include Trosky Castle and the Prachovské Skály rock formations. This area provides excellent opportunities for outdoor activities and can be reached in about two hours by train.
  • 2. Brno Brno, the second-largest city in the Czech Republic, is known for its vibrant student population and lively nightlife. The city features several historical and cultural attractions, including the Špilberk Castle and the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul. Brno is about 2.5 hours away by train from Prague.
  • 3. Dresden, Germany Dresden is a beautiful city just across the border in Germany. It is famous for its baroque architecture, art galleries, and museums. The city’s Neustadt district is known for its vibrant nightlife. The journey from Prague to Dresden takes about two hours by train, passing through the scenic Saxon Switzerland National Park.

Scenic Hiking Trails Near Prague

  • 1. Český Kras (Czech Karst) This area features a picturesque limestone landscape with rocky valleys, caves, and abandoned quarries. Notable sites include the Koněprusy Caves and Karlštejn Castle. It is easily accessible by train, with the journey taking about 30 minutes to stations like Srbsko or Karlštejn.
  • 2. Brdy Hills Starting at Prague’s southern edge, the Brdy Hills offer forested trails through woods and prehistoric hillforts. The Hřebeny area near Jince is particularly popular for hiking. Visitors can take buses or trains towards destinations such as Příbram, Hostomice pod Brdy, or Lochovice.
  • 3. Bohemian Paradise (Český Ráj) Bohemian Paradise is also an excellent destination for hiking, with its sandstone rock towns, castles, and scenic trails. The region features attractions like Trosky Castle and the Prachovské Skály rock formations. It is around two hours by train from Prague to towns like Turnov or Sobotka.
  • 4. Křivoklátsko This forested royal game reserve around Křivoklát Castle offers deep forests with high biodiversity, especially beautiful in autumn. It is reachable by train from Prague to Beroun, followed by a bus ride.
  • 5. Bohemian Switzerland National Park Known for its dramatic sandstone mountains, rock arches like Pravčická Gate, and scenic gorges, Bohemian Switzerland National Park is one of the best hiking destinations near Prague. It takes about two hours to reach by train to Děčín, then a bus to the park.


Prague serves as an excellent gateway to a variety of fascinating destinations, whether you’re looking for a day trip or a longer excursion. From historical towns and cultural sites to beautiful national parks and scenic hiking trails, the options are abundant and diverse. Each destination offers its unique charm and experiences, making travel from Prague an enriching and enjoyable endeavor.


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